eid ul fitr
DAY INFORMATION

Eid ul Fitr 2020 Day Information, About, History and Quotes

About

Eid ul Fitr, also called the “Festival of Breaking the Fast“, One of the most significant festivals that is celebrated by the Muslim community around the world, Eid-ul-Fitr marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, especially the month-long fasting from sunrise to sunset. Muslims around the world celebrate Eid and wish each other a very Happy Eid Mubarak. Eid falls on the first day of the month of ‘Shawwal’. On that day Muslims do not need to fast.

crowd of people gathering near jama masjid delhi on Eid ul fitr
Photo by Chattrapal (Shitij) Singh on Pexels.com

It should be noted that Islamic holidays follow the lunar calendar and not the Gregorian calendar. For a whole month, Muslims around the world fast, which is called roza, and offer prayers while practising self-discipline.

They do charitable acts like feeding the poor and giving them alms. Normally, Eid is a joyous occasion wherein families and friends get together to celebrate the day. Upon the sighting of moon, they wish each other ‘Eid Mubarak’ and exchange hugs and gifts. People wear new clothes and step out. This year, however, because of the pandemic, certain restrictions are in place and Eid will naturally be different.

History

Eid al-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad from Mecca. Anas, a well-known companion of the Prophet, narrated that, when the Prophet arrived in Medina, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they entertained themselves with recreation and merriment. At this, the Prophet remarked that Almighty has fixed two days of festivity instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha.

Eid prayer and eidgah

The Eid prayer is performed in congregation in open areas like fields, community centers, or mosques. No call to prayer is given for this Eid prayer, and it consists of only two units of prayer with a variable amount of Takbirs and other prayer elements depending on the branch of Islam observed. The Eid prayer is followed by the sermon and then a supplication asking for Allah’s forgiveness, mercy, peace and blessings for all living beings across the world. The sermon also instructs Muslims as to the performance of rituals of EID, such as the zakat. 

The sermon of Eid takes place after the Eid prayer, unlike Friday prayer which comes first before prayer. Some imams believe that listening to the sermon at Eid is optional. After the prayers, Muslims visit their relatives, friends, and acquaintances or hold large communal celebrations in homes, community centers, or rented halls. Many Muslims often bring prayer rugs to the Mosque on Eid-al-Fitr.

Sunni procedure

As ritual dictates, Sunnis praise Allah in a loud voice while going to the Eid prayer: Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar. Lā ilāha illà l-Lāh wal-Lāhu akbar, Allahu akbar walil-Lāhi l-ḥamd. Recitation ceases when they get to the place of Eid or once the Imam commences activities.

The prayer starts by doing “Niyyat” for the prayer and then Takbir is said by the Imam and his followers. Next, “Takbeer-e-Tehreema” is recited, followed by Allahu Akbar three times, raising hands to the ears and dropping them each time, except for the last when the hands are folded. Then the Imam reads the Surah-e-Fatiha and other Surah. Then the congregation performs Ruku and Sujud as in other prayers.

This completes the first rakat. The congregation rises up and folds their hands for the second rakat., during which the Imam recites Surah Fatiha and another Surah. After this, three Takbirs are called out just before the Ruku, each time raising hands to the ears and dropping them. For the fourth time, the congregation says Allah o Akbar and subsequently goes into the Ruku. The rest of the prayer is completed in the regular manner. This completes the Eid prayer. After the prayer there is a Khutbah.

Shia procedure

Prayer starts with the Niyyat followed by five Takbirs. During every Takbir of the first rakat, a special Dua is recited. Then, the Imam recites Sūrat al-Fātiḥah and Surat Al-‘A`lá and the congregation performs Ruku and Sujud as in other prayers. In the second Rakat, the same above steps (five Takbeers, Sūrat al-Fātiḥah and Surat Al-‘A`lá, Ruku and Sujud) are repeated. After the prayer, Khutbah starts.

Also Know Eid al-Adha

Eid-al-Adha ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’, or Eid Qurban , Qurban Bayrami , also called the “Festival of the Sacrifice“, is the second of two Islamic holidays celebrated worldwide each year (the other being Eid al-Fitr), and considered the holier of the two. It honors the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God’s command. But, before Ibrahim could sacrifice his son, God provided a lamb to sacrifice instead. In commemoration of this intervention, an animal, usually a sheep, is sacrificed ritually and divided into three parts. One share is given to the poor and needy, another is kept for home, and the third is given to relatives.

In the Islamic lunar calendarEid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, and lasts for four days. In the international (Gregorian) calendar, the dates vary from year to year shifting approximately 11 days earlier each year.

Qoutes

“Whoever desires to meet his Lord, he should do good deeds and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord” (The Holy Quran 18:110)

“Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet: O you who believe! Send you blessings on him, and salute him with all respect” (The Holy Quran 33:56)

“And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty)” (Al-Talaaq 65:2)

“And whosoever puts his trust in Allah; then He will suffice him” (Al-Talaaq, 65:3)

“God is kind and likes kindness in all things” (Riyadh us-Saleheen, 1:633)

Eid Status:

It’s a day of rejoicing and bliss; it’s a day of blessing and peace; it’s a day to reflect and ponder; it’s a day to celebrate together!

May Allah accept your good deeds, forgive your transgressions and Sins and ease the suffering of all peoples around the globe.

May this day bring peace and smoothness in your life, may it provide you the best time of your life. Happy Eid day!

Eid Mubarak, my friend. I pray that after eating some delicious delicacies on Eid, you’ll regain some common sense. Love you!

On Eid-ul-Fitr, wish that Allah’s blessings light up the path and lead to happiness.

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